Dermatitis is an umbrella term for skin inflammation. General symptoms of dermatitis tend to be redness, dryness, cracking, rashing and itching but there are different types of dermatitis which in turn affects your treatment route.
Atopic Dermatitis is essentially eczema, characterised by dry, rough patches which develop into itchy, red rashes. Eczema affects up to 31 million people worldwide and is generally thought to be inherited. Despite how common it is, its exact cause is still unknown but studies have shown that inflammation occurs as a result of too many inflammatory cells on the skin. As a result, those with atopic dermatitis also have a weaker skin barrier.
Contact Dermatitis occurs when a substance touches your skin and causes irritation or a reaction. Identifying and then avoiding the irritant is a key part of your recovery but you can also use emollients to keep the area moisturised or steroid ointments to relieve the symptoms.
Perioral Dermatitis presents itself in the form of a red rash around the mouth and interestingly, it’s much more common in women than in men. Again, its exact cause for this skin condition is unknown however doctors suggest prolonged use of topical steroids and steroid sprays can trigger this, as well as types of toothpaste and certain cosmetics.